The Norwegian nuclear preparedness is organized around the Crisis Committee for Nuclear Preparedness. The Crisis Committee consists of representatives from key government offices, who have a special responsibility for a sector in the management of a nuclear or radiological event.
The Crisis Committee has the authority to, and is responsible for, implementing protective measures. The Norwegian Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (DSA) is the chair and secretariat for the Crisis Committee.
The nuclear preparedness organization is established to make the necessary expertise available, in order to manage nuclear and radiological events, and to secure the swift implementation protective measures in order to protect life, health, the environment, and other important public interests.
Administratively, the Norwegian nuclear preparedness is attached to the Ministry of Health and Care Services, and its authority and mandate is delegated through Royal Decree (2013) and the Radiation Protection Act (2000). The nuclear preparedness organization consists of the Crisis Committee for Nuclear Preparedness, its advisers, secretariat (DSA), as well as the regional governors as its regional link.
Nuclear preparedness organization in Norway, January 2019 (click for a bigger version)
Members of the Crisis Committee
The Crisis Committee for Nuclear Preparedness consists of representatives from: the DSA, Norwegian Armed Forces, Directorate of Health, Food Safety Authority, National Police Directorate, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Coastal Authority, and the Directorate for Civil Protection. The DSA chairs the Crisis Committee, as well as acting as the secretariat. The most important tasks of the Crisis Committee are to continuously improve current preparedness frameworks, and confidently manage a nuclear or radiological event.
The Crisis Committee’s advisers
The Crisis Committee’s advisers consist of representatives from institutions and authorities with special competency within radiological and nuclear events and preparedness. The Crisis Committee and its advisers shall continuously improve, maintain, and coordinate the national nuclear preparedness organization through contact on all levels of government, information exchange between members, analyse risks and threats, and carry out exercises. In a nuclear or radiological even the advisers will support the decision-making for the Crisis Committee for Nuclear Preparedness.
The Norwegian Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (DSA)
The DSA has a central role in the nuclear preparedness organization, as the director general of the DSA also chairs the Crisis Committee, and the authority is the secretariat. The secretariat is responsible for the day-to-day preparedness, including conducting workshops, exercises, and is tasked with maintaining good communication with the preparedness organization. In a nuclear or radiological event the DSA will gather and process information and measurement data, prepare fallout prognoses, map out the situation, and suggest appropriate measures to the Crisis Committee.
The regional governors
The regional governors have an important role in the preparedness organization as the regional link of the Crisis Committee. In a nuclear or radiological event they are responsible for the coordination of information and emergency management, as well as implementing coordinated measures both regionally and locally.
All government agencies have their own plans for nuclear preparedness. The plans outline the efforts at the national, regional, and local levels of government, and are required to be coordinated.