Continuation of the Regional Excellence Project on Regulatory Capacity Building in Nuclear and Radiological Safety and Emergency Preparedness and Response in Romania.
Chernavoda Nuclear Power Plant, Romania
Romania and Norway, together with experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have previously worked closely to strengthen capacities at both regulatory and operator organizations in Romania, a project which yielded important results also for regulatory work in Norway and the wider IAEA community.
On 18 September 2013, the two principal partners, the Romanian National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN) and the Norwegian Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (DSA), signed the agreement to fund a new IAEA Extra Budgetary Programme (EBP) on Regulatory Capacity Building in Nuclear and Radiological Safety and Emergency Preparedness and Response in Romania.
Under the new agreement, the partners have undertaken to further enhance capabilities at Romania’s nuclear regulatory authority CNCAN in particular, and to strengthen institutional cooperation between the countries’ regulatory organizations. The project will be done in close cooperation with and with the indispensable support from the IAEA.
In the area of nuclear safety, Romania is required to implement a number of EU Regulations as well as recommendations from the IAEA. Several areas have been identified where improvement of the implementation capacity of the Romanian regulatory authority is needed, with a view to ensure nuclear safety and security.
Building on the previous project (2009–2011), this project focuses on further enhancing the capabilities at CNCAN in particular. As before, the key components of the cooperation are: capacity building through expert advice and training from the IAEA, and exchange of experiences and best practices with the DSA’s own experts.
The project will consist of eight sub-projects:
- CNCAN1 - Enhancement of CNCAN capabilities for safety analysis;
- CNCAN2 - Enhancement of CNCAN capabilities for integrated management systems and knowledge management;
- CNCAN3 - Enhancement of CNCAN capabilities for inspections;
- CNCAN4 - Enhancement of CNCAN capabilities for safety and security of transport and transit of radioactive and nuclear materials on the Romanian Territory;
- CNCAN5 - Enhancement of CNCAN capabilities for emergency preparedness and response;
- CNCAN6 - Enhancement of CNCAN capabilities for ionizing radiation sources control;
- CNCAN7 - Enhancement of CNCAN capabilities for radioactive waste, spent nuclear fuel management, and decommissioning activities;
- CNCAN8 - Enhancement of CNCAN capabilities for safeguards.
DSA’s role in the project:
NRPA will manage the project together with CNCAN and IAEA, and will also be involved in four of the eight activities mentioned above. This includes joint activities with CNCAN for sharing experience and best practices in the area of safety analysis, radioactive sources management, radioactive waste management, and decommissioning of nuclear installations.
NRPA will also plan, organize, and conduct an emergency preparedness and response exercise in Romania involving nuclear security, radiation protection, and consequences management aspects. This will be a follow-up of the joint Bulgarian-Romanian exercise from 2011 which involved a transport of spent nuclear fuel from the Kozloduy nuclear power plant in Bulgaria.
The European Economic Area (EEA) Grants and Norway Grants
The European Economic Area (EEA) Grants and Norway Grants represent the contribution of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway to reducing economic and social disparities and to strengthening bilateral relations with 16 EU countries in Central and Southern Europe. Ever since the establishment of the EEA Agreement in 1994, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway have provided funding to reduce social and economic disparities in the EEA.
The EEA Grants and the Norway Grants are set up for five-year periods. For the period 2009–2014, a total of €1.798 billion has been set aside under the Grants.
The EEA Grants are jointly financed by Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, who contribute according to their size and economic wealth. Of the €993 million set aside for the 2009–14 period, Norway provides 95.8 %, Iceland 3.0 % and Liechtenstein 1.2 %.
The Norway Grants are financed by Norway alone and amount to approximately €804 million in this period.
Former Norway Grants Projects: